Bahawalpur, February 04, 2023 (PPI-OT):Dr. Muhammad Ali Raza, Director of National Research Center Intercropping Islamia University, has said that according to the vision of Vice Chancellor Engineer Prof. Dr. Athar Mehboob, the importance of agriculture in the country’s economy and the prosperity of the farming community, the National Research Institute for Mixed Farming (NR. C) Has been established which is the first of its kind in Pakistan and has been established for research on mixed farming of crops on a scientific basis.
In addition, this institute is also working on research and distribution of crops (such as soybean) which are important in the current situation in the country’s economy and national food security. A large-scale soybean cultivation has been initiated by the National Institute of Research for Mixed Farming to promote soybean farming.
He said that the soybean spring also offered some useful recommendations for this cultivation, in which after destroying the residues of the previous crop by plowing the land, Plow deep into the soil according to its texture. Later, after tilling the soil using a rotavator, make the beds with the help of a planter.
Spring it is suitable time for cultivation from 15th January to 15th February. Protect the seed with fungicides and insecticides before sowing. Weed growth can be prevented by applying an herbicide spray to the turf within 24 hours after sowing. Dr. Mohammad Ali Raza said that while sowing by hand, the seed rate should be 2 to 3, thus about 15 to 20 kg of seed will be used per acre. Its total duration is 110 to 120 days.
The procedure for this is to keep the distance and width of the bed to 18 inches. Keep plant to plant spacing of 3 to 4 inches so the total number of plants planted in the beds will be about 90,000 per acre. Give the entire bag of DAP at the time of delivery. Half a bag of urea 25 to 30 days after seed emergence and the remaining half bag 45 to 50 days after seed emergence.
Give later and give half a bag of potash when the beans are forming. After every seven to eight days, give the first water after 10 to 12 days of germination and the rest at 7 to 8 days interval, depending on the climatic and soil conditions. In this way, the crop will require about 10 to 12 watering’s until it is ready.
Avoid dehydration at all, especially when flowers and pods are forming. In the first 10 to 40 days of the harvest, be especially aware of the attack of sap-sucking insects and mites and ensure the use of insecticides as needed to prevent major damage to the crop. Spring this crop ripens from the last week of May to the first week of June.
Harvest when the leaves turn yellow and the fruits turn grey. The experience of the last six years has proved that the yield per acre of Bihar soybean is about 14 to 16 maunds and if the farmers take care of their crop diligently, this production can be taken up to 18 to 20 maunds.
For more information, contact:
The Islamia University of Bahawalpur (IUB)
University Chowk, Gulshan Colony, Bahawalpur,
Punjab – 63100, Pakistan