Karachi, December 06, 2018 (PPI-OT): The experts at the concluding ceremony of the two-day international conference recommended that government should seek assistance of scholars while preparing the foreign and interior policies of the country. They should take advantage of research being conducted in the country in the field of social sciences.
The resolution also said that the government and masses both could take economical, moral, legal and social benefits through social sciences. The scholars demanded induction of ‘studies of peace’ in all higher educational institutions of the country.
The experts believe that teachers while educating their students regarding promotion of peace could defeat the terrorism and extremism. They also believe that social sciences experts, students, media and civil society could bring social revolution in Pakistan.
The Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Karachi, organized two-day international conference entitled “the new trends in social sciences and humanities in the contemporary world, with reference to the world peace order”, at Arts Auditorium.
Meanwhile, the honorary Consul General Philippines, Dr Imran Yousuf Muhammad, informed the audience that Pakistan’s growth and progress depends upon peace within the country and expressed that armed forces have done most extraordinary job in bring back and maintaining the peace.
He mentioned that Pakistan must keep searching new markets for its products and to bring economical stability. According to him, the country has sold rice to Philippines which cost around US$25 million and this rice was produced in rural Sindh.
The Chairperson of Pakistan Institute of International Affairs Dr Masooma Hassan on Thursday expressed that this is quite easy to raise voices for women’s right but difficult to follow them in letter and spirit.
She informed that most of females are not aware with the fact that government has prepared number of laws regarding to women’s rights. She said that past and present Indian governments’ have maltreated Kashmiri people but despite that fact, dialogues should not discontinue as it is the only solution on Kashmir issue. The chief guest urged for earliest solution of Kashmir.
The senior analyst Aga Masood Hasan said that social sciences would be helpful in uprooting the extremism from the society. He expressed that unfortunately, Pakistan is not utility it properly against the extremism.
The domestic violence survivors face ongoing and challenging effects after enduring physical, mental, and emotional abuse. It takes time for them to adjust living in a safe environment, especially if a perpetrator was severely violent and/or committed the actions over an extended period of time, the Chairperson, Department of Political Science, University of Karachi, Professor Dr Summer Sultana, expressed on Thursday.
Dr Sultana narrated that levels of overall reported psychological violence are higher than those of physical violence. “Of the diverse types of psychological violence, bullying or general harassment is more prevalent than sexual harassment.”
She said that detail research was carried out to evaluate physical and psychological effects on women’s life after being subjected to harassment either by her family, colleagues or even at common places such as streets.
She emphasized upon increasing awareness about the physical and mental health of harassed victims and to promote implementation of laws against this brutality such as Act of 2010 which is against any kind of harassment towards women.
Dr Sultana asked the audience to raise voice for the implementation of women’s rights at every available forum. She demanded that discriminatory practices are being preached in different aspects of women’s life which should come to an end.
“Despite the fact that regulations and laws are formulated and present, they are not being implemented. We need a systematic strategy to overcome it. The violence comes in many forms but all of them have negative effects. They socially disturb women and causes mental stress which leads to various mental illnesses.”
Meanwhile, Dr Muhammad Ali of University of Karachi, presented his paper on EU policy towards Kashmir issue: challenges and prospects. He shared historical background of the Kashmir issue and look at the EU failure in resolving this human dilemma. He also discussed few of the main obstacles which hinder the smooth functioning of peace and reconciliation in South Asia.
“Pakistan has always upheld the UN resolutions on Kashmir which had called for a fair plebiscite on the issue. Islamabad perceives it as its moral responsibility to provide political and diplomatic support to the people of Jammu and Kashmir on their right of self-determination. Pakistan has emphasized in the international forum that it wants a peaceful settlement of the dispute.”
He informed the audience that the Indian policy towards the resolution of the Kashmir issue is multifaceted. It can be collected at three levels – local, bilateral and international. At the local level, India has been trying hard to crush the Kashmiri resistance through a massive machinery of repression, including the stationing of around 700,000 troops and other security personnel in the occupied territory and the adroit manipulation of differences among the Kashmiri political and resistance groups.
“At the bilateral Indo-Pakistan level, India has adopted the policy of avoiding any meaningful discussion with Pakistan on the Kashmir issue to buy more time to crush the resistance. New Delhi has never been very sincere about settling the conflict. At the international level, the main aim of Indian policy on Kashmir is to deflect Pakistan’s campaign against human rights violations in the occupied territory. India has been emphasizing that the Shimla agreement has defined the Kashmir issue as a bilateral matter, to be settled between the two sides without interference or mediation by a third party.”
Dr Ali said that unfortunately EU treats India differently inspite of the basic rights’ violation made in Kashmir. He pointed out that reasons that hinder EU to take the issue seriously includes European Union cannot afford India’s anger because of her status as an emerging market. The EU is only economically and commercially interested in South Asia.
Professor Dr Makkaoui Mohamed from Ecole Nationale de commerce et de Getison, Tangeir, Morocco, shares his paper on world peace order: role of the spiritual building capacity. He informed that the challenge has been of investigating the issue of world peace from a spiritual perspective in light of the universal symptoms of crisis of meaning and leadership that has succeeded a number of other environmental, financial, economic, political and social crises.
“Our research is to explore a new field of intervention (the spiritual one) which first requires that we address the two concepts of spirituality and religion in the light of the emergence of certain new forms of needs in the post-modern era. Later, we will try to elucidate the relationship between spirituality, leadership and human development in general. Our aim is to examine in what extant social sciences had missed an important turn point, when many disciplines such sociology, psychology and anthropology ignored in purpose the spiritual way while we claim for a culture of peace.”
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